Honey is a food source for honey bees. In cold weather or when food sources are scarce, bees use their stored honey as their source of energy. Worker bees gather the fructose-rich flower nectar and return to the hive. In the hive they use their "honey stomachs" to ingest and regurgitate the nectar a number of times until it is partially digested. After the final regurgitation, it is stored in the honeycomb that is left open. Bees inside the hive fan their wings, creating a strong draft across the honeycomb which enhances evaporation of the water from the nectar. The reduction in water content, will prevents fermentation. Then the honey reaches around 18% of humidity the bees will cap the honey comb. Honey is mainly fructose (about 38.5%) and glucose (about 31.0%), the specific composition of any batch of honey will depend largely on the mix of flowers available to the bees that produced it. Honey has a density of about 1.36 kg/liter (40% denser than water).
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